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Taxation in the Vaud region: a balanced system that promotes economic development


Taxation is a key aspect of any economy, and the canton of Vaud in Switzerland is no exception. In Switzerland, Swiss taxation is based on a federal law on the harmonisation of direct taxes. On this basis, each canton has its own tax system with corresponding cantonal laws. Cantons are responsible for setting their own tax rates and non-taxable thresholds. Taxation in Vaud is no exception to the rule and is notable for its balanced system, which aims to promote economic development. In this article, we will explore the main aspects of taxation in Vaud and its impact on the local economy.

The basic principles of Vaud taxation

The canton of Vaud applies a tax system based on the principle of taxation according to ability to pay. Taxpayers are taxed based on their income and assets. The canton has a progressive tax scale, which means that the amounts payable increase in line with income and assets, from which various costs and charges set out in Vaud tax law are deducted. Individuals must pay a tax on profits and a tax on capital at cantonal level. In terms of income tax and capital tax, the canton envisages a proportional rate to determine the tax burden (including cantonal and municipal coefficients). Furthermore, Vaud taxation is also determined on the principal of territoriality (personal connection: unlimited tax liability and economic connection: limited tax liability). In conclusion, only the income, profits made and assets located in the canton are subject to taxes (e.g. income tax, wealth tax, profit tax, capital tax, immovable property gains tax, inheritance tax, transfer tax, property tax, etc.). These basic tax principles help to establish a coherent framework for tax collection in the canton of Vaud.

Tax advantages for companies

Companies in Switzerland pay relatively low taxes in comparison with other countries. As a result, the canton of Vaud offers an attractive tax environment. Its competitive tax rates attract a plethora of national and international companies. The canton of Vaud also provides tax breaks to facilitate the creation and development of foreign business activity. It is important to remember that tax advantages can vary depending on the type of company, its size, its line of activity and other specific factors. We recommend seeking advice from a local tax expert to discover all the ins and outs of Vaud taxation.

The redistribution of tax burdens

Vaud taxation is also committed to guaranteeing the fair distribution of tax burdens. The canton has put solidarity mechanisms in place in order to reduce the tax burden for individuals from low-income households. For instance, it offers tax reductions for families and subsidies for people with low incomes. Individuals currently benefit from a basic tax rate of 3 1/3% on profits and a basic tax rate of 0.6% on capital.


The Swiss tax system is renowned for its stability. The canton of Vaud, in particular, has a balanced approach which promotes economic development. Thanks to competitive tax rates, especially for individuals, the canton of Vaud attracts many companies and stimulates economic growth.

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